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Liver cirrhosis

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liver cirrhosis treatment in mumbai

Cirrhosis

Cirrhosis is a disease in which healthy liver tissue is replaced with scar tissue. The scar tissue blocks the flow of blood through the liver and slows the liver’s ability to process nutrients, hormones, drugs, and natural toxins.It also reduces the production of proteins and other substances made by the liver. Cirrhosis eventually keeps the liver from working properly.

What causes cirrhosis?

The most common causes of cirrhosis are chronic (long-term) viral infections of the liver (hepatitis types B and C), fatty liver associated with obesity and diabetes, and alcohol abuse. In addition, anything that damages the liver can cause cirrhosis.

What are the symptoms of cirrhosis?

  • Jaundice
  • Weakness
  • Easy Bruising due to decreased clotting factors
  • Fatigue
  • Weight loss or sudden Weight Gain

What are the complication of Cirrhosis

  • Collection of Fluid in the Abdomen (Ascites)
  • Vomiting of Blood (hematemesis)
  • Passage of blood through stools (melena)
  • Hepatic Encephalopathy
  • Spontaneous Bacterial Peritonitis
  • Hepatorenal Syndrome
  • Hepatopulmonary Syndrome
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma

What are the treatment options for Cirrhosis ?

  • Treatment of cirrhosis is designed to prevent further damage to the liver, treat complications of cirrhosis, and preventing or detecting liver cancer early.
  • Transplantation of the liver is an important option for treating patients with advanced cirrhosis.
  • There is no cure for cirrhosis of the liver, and for some people the prognosis is poor.
  • The life expectancy for advanced cirrhosis is 6 months to 2 years depending on complications of cirrhosis, and if no donor is available for liver transplantation
  • The life expectancy for people with cirrhosis and alcholic hepatitis can be as high as 50%.
  • The life expectancy is more that 12 years for a person with cirrhosis and no major complications.